Henry IV Part 2

Abridged Henry IV Part 2/#1/Reinvigorated/Act 1, Scene 1

Henry IV Part 1 ended with the king’s victory over the
Welsh rebels at Shrewsbury.  The battle
at Shrewsbury ended with Prince Harry’s one-on-one sword fight with Hotspur,
won by the Prince.  It was a dramatic
moment, long in the making.  As the fight
was about to begin, the brash and talented Hotspur gallantly declared “Harry,
the hour is come to end the one of us.”  However,
all of the Welsh leaders had not participated in the battle at Shrewsbury,
Hotspur having alienated his father and the Archbishop of York, among
others.  Henry IV knew that, with the
deaths of Hotspur, Worcester and Vernon at Shrewsbury, the Welsh resistance would
reorganize, strong and determined men that they were. Just as this play begins,
we learn that Northumberland has mistakenly learned that his son, Hotspur, had
defeated the prince at Shrewsbury.  It
was not the case.  He soon learns that
his brother, Worcester, had been hanged by the king for treason, which was the
case.  Furthermore, Morton, important to
the Welsh resistance, tells Northumberland that when in fact the Prince “beat
down the never-daunted Percy (Hotspur) to the earth he never more sprung
up.”  Morton goes on to tell
Northumberland that “our men, heavy in Hotspur’s loss, fled, aiming at their
safety.”  An injured Northumberland
throws down his crutch, saying “thee enraged Northumberland” is back in the
fight.  Lord Bardolph chimes in “We will
venture again.  Come, we will all put
forth, body and goods.”  Northumberland
is the lead cheerleader, crying “Go with me and counsel every man the best way
for safety and revenge.  Get messengers
and letters, and make friends with speed.”
As an important side issue, back in Richard II, the earl of Northumberland
had led the young Henry Bolingbroke’s successful effort to unseat Richard II as
king, Henry Bolingbroke being Henry IV.

Abridged Henry IV Part 2/#2/Humor/Act 1, Scene 2

The scene opens with John Falstaff playing up the unjust
reputation he had gained from his non-role in the battle at Shrewsbury, where
he was called a ‘counterfeit’ by Prince Harry.
The Chief Justice enters.
Falstaff tries to sneak away.  The
Chief Justice is told who he is, and asks “He that was in question for the
robbery?”  His servant pulls Falstaff
back into the room.  The Chief Justice
says “Sir John Falstaff, a word with you.”
Falstaff smoothly dances around questions, mostly claiming
deafness.  The Chief Justice brings up the
Gad’s Hill caper issue.  He says “You
follow the young prince up and down like his ill angel.”  Clever-spoken Falstaff continues to try to
talk himself out of any danger.  The
Chief Justice says “God send the Prince a better companion.”  Falstaff comes back with “God send the
companion a better prince.  I cannot rid
my hands of him.”  The Chief Justice says
“I hear you are going with Lord John of Lancaster against the Archbishop and
the Earl of Northumberland.”  Falstaff
responds “Yea, I thank your pretty sweet wit for it.  There is not a dangerous action can peep out
his head but I am thrust upon it.  Well,
I cannot last forever.  I would to God my
name were not so terrible to the enemy as it is.”  The Chief Justice and his servant exit.  A pleased Falstaff says “A good mind will
make use of anything.”

Abridged Henry IV Part 2/#3/Strategy/Act 1, Scene 3

Meanwhile, the Archbishop of York, Richard Scroop, and other
“confederates,” discuss developing a strategy to deal with the King.  Hastings notes that we have “five-and-twenty
thousand good men, but we live largely in the hope of great
Northumberland.”  Lord Bardolph says “my
judgment is we should not step too far.”
The Archbishop says “’Tis very true, for indeed it was young Hotspur’s
cause at Shrewsbury.”  Lord Bardolph lays
out a plan, saying “when we mean to build, first survey the plot, draw the
model, rate the cost, which if we find outweighs ability, draw anew the model,
or desist to build at all.”  Hastings
says “I think we are a body strong enough, even as we are (with or without Northumberland),
to equal the king.”  Lord Bardolph cries
“What, is the king but five-and-twenty thousand?” Hastings says “To us no more,
nay, not so much.  The unfirm king is
three divided; one power against the French, one against Glendower; a third
must take up us.”  Bardolph asks “Who is
it like should lead his forces hither?”
Hastings says “The Duke of Lancaster and Westmoreland.”  The Archbishop says “Let us on, and publish
the occasion of our reason for taking up arms.
What trust is in these times?  They
that, when Richard lived, would have him die are now become enamored on his
grave.”  The plan is set.  Lord Bardolph remains silent.  The Archbishop, Hastings, and Mowbray will
take on the king’s men at Gaultree Forest.
Lord Bardolph ends up wisely skipping the encounter

Abridged Henry IV Part 2/#4/Trick/Act 2, Scene 2

Prince Hal and Ned Poins enter, the Prince saying “I am
exceeding weary.  My father is
sick.”  He and Poins have a little back
and forth chatter.  Bardolph enters and
gives the prince a letter, saying “There’s a letter for you.”  The letter is from Falstaff.  In part it reads “Be not too familiar with
Poins, for he misuses thy favors so much that he swears thou art to marry his
sister.”  Prince Hal turns to Poins,
saying “Ned?  Must I marry your sister?”  Poins replies “I never said so.”  Poins says he’s going to be in the Eastcheap
Tavern that night.  The prince says
“Shall we steal upon them, Ned, at supper?”
Poins likes the idea.  They
decided to disguise themselves as waiters.
The prince says “Follow me, Ned.”

Abridged Henry IV Part 2/#5/Retirement/Act 2, Scene 3

Northumberland, Lady Northumberland and Lady Percy
(Hotspur’s widow and Northumberland’s daughter-in –law) are on stage.
Northumberland has over the years pretty much done what he wants to do.  He’s his own man.  His wife says “I will speak no more.  Do what you will; your wisdom be your
guide.”  However, his daughter in law,
Lady Percy, is not so accepting, saying “O yet, for God’s sake, go not to these
wars.  Speaking of Shrewsbury, she says
“the time was that you broke your word to your own son who looked northward to
look to see his father in vain.  And him,
O wondrous him, did you leave, second to none, unseconded by you, to look upon
the hideous god of war in disadvantage.
So you left him.”  A shamed
Northumberland says “Fair daughter, I must go and meet with danger there.”  Lady Northumberland intervenes, saying “O,
fly to Scotland.”  Lady Percy says “for
all our loves, first let them try themselves.
So did your son; so came I a widow.”
Northumberland succumbs to their arguments, backing off his plans to
rejoin the rebels.  He says “Gladly would
I go to meet the Archbishop, but many thousand reasons hold me back.  I will resolve for Scotland.”  Later in the play we learn that
Northumberland and Lord Bardolph have been “overthrown by the sheriff of
Yorkshire.”  That’s the last we hear of
him.

Abridged Henry IV Part 2/#6/Call to Arms/Act 2, Scene 4

The staff at the Eastcheap Tavern is advised that “the
Prince and Poins will put on jackets and aprons and that Sir John must not know
of it.”  John Falstaff enters.  Musicians soon enter followed by the Prince
and Poins, both in disguise.  Hostess
Doll Tearsheet bates Falstaff, asking him “Sirrah, what humor’s the Prince
of?”  Falstaff replies “A good shallow
young fellow.”  She says “They say Poins
has a good wit.”  Falstaff replies “He a
good wit?  Hang him, baboon. His wit’s as
thick as Tewkesbury mustard.”  The Prince
and Poins come forward.  The Prince asks
him “What a life dost thou lead?”
Falstaff says “A better than thou.
I am a gentleman.”  Peto enters,
crying “The king your father is at Westminster.
There are twenty weak and wearied messengers (army captains) come from
the north.”  The Prince says “By heaven,
Poins, I feel me guilty to profane the precious time when tempest of
insurrection.  Give me my sword and
cloak.”  The Prince, Peto and Poins
exit.  Bardolph comes to the door, saying
to Falstaff “You must away to court, sir, at once.  A dozen captains wait at door for you.”  Falstaff, having spent much of the evening in
a randy and rakish way conversing with Doll and Mistress Quickly, says
“Farewell Doll.  You see, my good
wenches, how men of merit are sought after. The undeserver may sleep when the
man of action is called on.  Farewell,
good wenches.”  The women like him. They
don’t want to see him leave. Emotionally, Doll says “I cannot speak.”

Abridged Henry IV Part 2/#7/History/Act 3, Scene 1

The King is up late at night, pacing the floor, unable to
sleep, concerned with events, and just not feeling very well.  He asks his page to call for the earl of
Warwick.  He asks himself  “O thou dull god, why wilt thou upon the high
and giddy mast seal up the shipboy’s eyes, in the visitation of the winds with
deafening clamor, rock him in his cradle.
And in the calmest and most stillest night deny it to a king?”  Warwick enters.  Having talked a bit, the king says “Then you
perceive the body of our kingdom how foul it is and with what danger near the
heart of it.”  The king notes that “’tis
not ten years gone since Richard and Northumberland, great friends, did feast
together.  It is but eight years since
this Percy (Northumberland) was the man nearest my soul.”  Back in Richard II, it was widely believed
that Henry IV replaced Richard II as king because England needed a change in
leadership.  Henry IV notes that “foul
sin will come, foretelling this same condition and the division of our
amity.”  Warwick notes that who would have
guessed “that great Northumberland, then false to King Richard, would of that
seed grow to a greater falseness upon you.”
The King asks Warwick “Are these things then unavoidable?  Then let us meet them like things
unavoidable.  They say the Bishop and
Northumberland are fifty thousand strong.”
Warwick snaps “It cannot be, my lord. Rumor doth double, like the voice
and the echo.  Please it your Grace to go
to bed.  To comfort you the more, I have
received a certain instance that Glendower is dead.”  The king says “I will take your
counsel.”

Abridged Henry IV Part 2/#8/Recruiting/Act 3, Scene 2

Justice Shallow and Justice Silence are on stage.  Falstaff enters. He asks the two justices of
the peace if they “have provided me here half a dozen sufficient men?” Shallow
says “Where’s the roll?  Let them appear
as I call: Mouldy, Shadow, Wart, Feeble and Bullcalf.”  Falstaff reviews the men.  Shallow says “Sir John, come, let’s to
dinner.”  They exit. When they return
from dinner, Falstaff asks “Which men shall I have?”  Shallow says “Four of which you please.”  Four are picked, pretty much randomly.  Falstaff says “O, give me the spare men, and
spare me the great ones.  These men will
do well.”  To Shallow and Silence he says
“Fare you well, gentlemen both.  I thank
you.  I must a dozen mile tonight.  Bardolph, give the soldiers coats.”  As an afterthought he says “On,
Bardolph.  Lead the men away.”  All but Falstaff exit.  He says to himself, “I do see the bottom of
Justice Shallow.  He talks as familiarly
of John o’ Gaunt as if he had been sworn brother to him.  Now has he land and beefs.  Well, I’ll be acquainted with him if I
return.”  He exits.

Abridged Henry IV Part 2/#9/Confrontation/Act 4, Scene 1.1

The rebellion’s leaders have reached their destination,
the Archbishop saying “What is this forest called?”  Hastings answers: “’Tis Gaultree
Forest.”  The Archbishop tells Hastings
and Mowbray that “I must acquaint you that I have received new-dated letters
from Northumberland.  He is retired to
Scotland.”  Mowbray comments “Thus do the
hopes we have in him dash themselves to pieces.”  Westmoreland enters, saying “Health and fair
greeting from our general, the Prince Lord John and Duke of Lancaster.”  The Archbishop calmly responds “What doth
concern your coming.”  Westmoreland
responds “Lord Archbishop, wherefore do you so ill translate yourself out of
the speech of peace into the harsh and boist’rous tongue of war.”  The Archbishop says “Wherefore do I
this.  Here me plainly.  I have in equal balance justly weighed what
wrongs our arms may do and find our griefs heavier than our offenses.  When we are wronged and would unfold our
griefs, we are denied access unto his person.
The dangers of the days hath put us in these ill-beseeming arms, not to
break peace, but to establish here a peace indeed.”  Westmoreland snaps “Whenever yet was your
appeal denied?  Wherein have you been
galled by the king?  There is no need of
any such redress.”  Mowbray provides
Westmoreland with his view of some history.
Westmoreland replies “You speak, Lord Mowbray, now you know not
what.  But this is mere digression from
my purpose.  I come from our princely
general to know your griefs.”  The Archbishop
gives Westmoreland a paper, saying “my Lord of Westmoreland, this schedule,
contains our general grievances.”
Westmoreland responds “This will I show the General.  Please you, lords, we may meet and either end
in peace or to the place of difference call the swords which must decide it.”  The Archbishop says “We will do so.”  Westmoreland exits.

Abridged Henry IV Part 2/#10/Negotiation/Act 4, Scene 1.2

When Westmoreland returns to Prince John, a confident
Hastings, talking about their list of grievances, says “if we can make our
peace upon such large terms, our peace shall stand as firm as rocky
mountains.”  The Archbishop says “Note
this: the King is weary of dainty and such trifling grievances.  Full well he knows he cannot completely weed
this land as his suspicions; his foes so entangled with his friends that,
plucking to unfix an enemy, he doth unfasten so and shake a friend.” Hastings adds “the King doth lack the very instruments of
chastisement, so that his power may offer but not hold.”  The Archbishop adds “’Tis very true.”  Westmoreland returns, accompanied by Prince
John.  The Archbishop says “My lord, we
come.”  The prince gets right at it.  He says “My Lord of York, it better showed
with you when your flock encircled you to hear with reverence your exposition
on the holy text than now to see you here, an iron man talking, turning the
word to sword, and life to death.”  The
Archbishop counters “I am not here against your father’s peace, but the time
misordered doth, as is obvious, crush us to this monstrous form to hold our
safety up.”  Mowbray adds “We ready are
to try our fortunes to the last man.”
Hastings chimes in saying “Though we here fall down, we have supplies to
second our attempt; if they miscarry, theirs shall second them.”  Westmoreland steps in, saying “pleaseth your
Grace to answer them directly how far forth you do like their articles.”  Prince John says “My lord, these griefs shall
be with speed redressed; upon my soul, they shall.  If this may please you, discharge your
powers, as we will ours.”  The Archbishop
says “I take your princely word for these redresses.”  Hastings says to an officer “Go, captain, and
deliver to the army this news of peace.”
The Officer exits.  The Archbishop
offers a toast, saying “A peace is of the nature of a conquest, for then both
parties nobly are subdued and neither party loser.”  Prince John turns to Westmoreland, saying
“Go, my lord, and let our army be discharged, too.”  Westmoreland exits.